The Ins and Outs of Soccer

Played indoors, soccer remains a great game, but equipment needs can differ.
Did you know that more people play soccer than any other sport in the world? An estimated 265 million, in fact, and that’s more than those who play basketball, baseball, football, tennis and golf!
Soccer, which is known as football in most countries, has traditionally been an outdoor sport. However, in recent decades a growing trend has been taking the internationally beloved game indoors. Today, indoor leagues are growing in number, and players of all ages are kicking the soccer ball both in the great outdoors and in arenas. The indoor sport is particularly popular in the northern United States and Canada, where the outdoor season is brief and facilities built for hockey and basketball are readily available for indoor soccer games.
The outdoor and indoor games are similar in that players use their feet (and sometimes their heads) to drive a ball into a goal and score points, but there are some differences that are game changers.
Indoor fields, for example, are half the size of their 400-foot outdoor counterparts. In other words, they’re the same size as the ice rinks on which hockey is played. That’s no coincidence since many indoor soccer venues are converted hockey arenas. Most are covered with artificial turf, although the game is sometimes played on hardwood basketball courts. Some rules are different as well. There are no kick-ins, throw-ins or out-of-bounds in indoor soccer. Because the playing area of a hockey arena is walled in, the ball remains in play if it bounces off the walls. If the ball clears the wall, the team that touched it last is allowed a free kick at the spot where the ball left the arena. The sliding tackle, a useful tactic on outdoors grass, is banned by most indoor leagues, since it can result in injury on hard indoor surfaces. The offside rule, common to outdoor soccer, is not enforced by most indoor leagues. Many indoor leagues use a penalty box where the player must sit out a yellow-card infraction. Again, hockey arenas, which include a penalty box, make this rule convenient.
Of course, it’s not just field size and rules that distinguish the indoor game from the outdoor variety. Whether you can move like Messi or bend it like Beckham is dependent in part on the equipment with which you play the game – equipment that is specific to indoor and outdoor play.
From the Ground Up
Since soccer is played primarily with the feet, selecting a shoe is among the most important gear choices a soccer player has to make, so let’s talk about shoes first. In general, there are two types: outdoor cleats and indoor turf shoes.
Outdoor cleats are made of rubber, plastic or metal and are designed to dig into grassy fields for better grip. And, according to Peter Hong, assistant merchandise manager for adidas, there are a few things you should keep in mind when choosing a pair.
Fit is the most important thing to consider. A shoe that’s too big or small will not only hurt your feet but it can also affect your touch and feel when handling the ball. Technology is key to both how the shoe contributes to speed afoot and ball handling capability, and all of the adidas lines are designed with different properties in mind. For example, the F50 line – Hong’s favorite – was designed in collaboration with Lionel Messi, one of the game’s fastest players. So it’s not surprising that the shoe is engineered to optimize speed. That capability is in part the result of a new stud configuration meant to enable maximum acceleration on firm ground. The shoe features a new lightweight HybridTouch synthetic leather upper so its weight won’t drag you down. DribbleTex technology provides a textured grip to enable high-speed dribbling and excellent ball control under all conditions.
The brilliantly colored Nitrocharge shoe was inspired by Brazil, site of the 2014 FIFA World Cup, and that country’s carnival tradition. With EnergyPulse design, the Nitrocharge optimizes energy transfer and provides a claw-like grip on firm ground. Its lightweight design and glove-like feel optimize ball handling.
Turf shoes designed for indoor soccer have small rubber cleats or a flat, rubber bottom to keep you from damaging the carpet while providing better traction on hard surfaces. Your Dunham’s sales consultant can help you choose a shoe that’s just right for your soccer league.
Shin guards and balls are also important parts of both indoor and outdoor games, and adidas makes them in various styles, sizes and colors. Some indoor players wear extra protective gear in that fast play on hardwood floors or firm turf is more likely to result in injury than is outdoor play on grass. Even the balls used indoors are different than those used outdoors and are designed specifically for the fast pace of arena play.
So, whether you’re looking for the latest technology in cleats, cool turf shoes in more colors than you can imagine, or shin guards to match your gear, a wealth of options are available at Dunham’s, where you’re sure to score something that’s perfect for you.
-Soccer Mom
*To receive exclusive Dunham’s coupons and information on new products, events and sales, enroll in our e-mail or text message programs (or both). Sign Up Now

Football-Soccer Footwear Traction Options

Surface and conditions be what they may, Nike can help you stay glued to the pitch.

Explore all the different field types and how cleat shape, configuration, outsole material and technology help determine what type of boot you need.

Nike Cleats

During a game of football a professional player runs an average of seven miles. One of the biggest benefits they want in footwear is comfort, provided in part by the outsole.

Nike Outsole Benefits


Dispersed cleat pressure increases comfort.


Players can get great grip on a variety of field surfaces.


During lateral movements such as cutting (or changing direction) from side-to-side, stability is key.

Cleat Types

The boot’s name includes the type of surface it is designed for. So if you know what you’ll be playing on most of the time, finding the right traction is easy.

Soft Ground (SG)

These outsoles are beneficial for fields that are wet, muddy and require the most traction. They are popular in areas where it rains a lot and are used most in northern Europe.
Most of the time you’ll see a six-stud configuration with the traditional screw-in studs.
With a screw-in stud, the entire stud is removed for easy replacement.

Firm Ground (FG)

In the United States firm ground is the most common surface for soccer games. Firm ground cleats are used on a field with short grass that may be slightly wet, but rarely muddy.
These use molded, conical- or blade-shaped studs, designed for comfort and enhanced traction.
The FG stud offers traction and comfort for firm ground cleats by dispersing cleat pressure evenly across the foot.
Structural elements—bars or plates—are also used to provide support, motion control and improved stability.

Hard Ground (HG)

Hard ground boots are popular in Japan and China. They are designed to provide traction on hard surfaces such as extremely dry grass, dirt or gravel.
These use a harder TPU compound for enhanced durability and typically feature slightly shorter, evenly dispersed studs for optimal pressure distribution.

Artificial Grass (AG)

Artificial grass boots utilize a unique stud configuration, featuring various heights for optimal traction and performance on artificial grass surfaces.
Cored-out (hollow) studs in the heel and forefoot reduce the overall weight of the cleat, enhance cushioning, and provide optimal comfort on the field.
The strategically placed shorter studs help provide a smoother transition during horizontal and vertical movements.

Versatract (VG)

Usually found in kids’ boots, Versatract outsoles feature rubber studs that deliver traction suitable for a variety of surfaces, from firm ground to turf. It’s one of the most versatile outsole options available.

Turf (TF)

Turf refers to synthetic-grass surfaces. Playing soccer on these surfaces requires less cleat penetration, which is similar to the needs of a hard ground cleat.
Turf cleats are designed to provide traction appropriate for play on very dry surfaces, hard dirt fields and dry artificial turf.
Cleats designed for this surface feature a solid rubber outsole with many small (5 mm or 6 mm), multidirectional “studs.”

Indoor (IC)

Indoor outsoles use non-marking materials such as gum rubber, durable, clear rubber and molded rubber to provide traction, flexibility and durability.
Indoor soccer shoes use pivot points, flex grooves and herringbone patterns for optimum movement and traction.
-Soccer Mom
*To receive Dunham’s coupons and information on new products, events and sales, sign up for Dunham’s Rewards.