Good News for Cold Weather

[Written by Peter Nielsen].
There no mistaking recent weather changes … the beginning of winter is here. Many of us have conflicting feelings about the coldest season. Winter brings the opportunity form many favorite pastimes — skiing, sledding and skating. There is the beauty of snow hanging on tree branches, warming up in front of the fireplace, but there’s also snow shoveling, layers of clothes and winter driving!
Now, according to researchers from the University of the Kentucky School of Medicine, we’re aware of another winter plus! It has to do with body fats.
First, you may be aware that we have two main types of fat:
• Brown fat is composed of small droplets of organic compounds(also referred to as lipid droplets or adiposomes) and many iron-containing mitochondria – specialized structures in which the processes of respiration and energy production occur. The iron, and a large number of tiny blood vessels in brown fat, give it a brownish appearance. It is usually found in the front and back of the neck and upper back and is derived from muscle tissue. Brown fat generates heat and is found in newborns and hibernating animals. Adults with more brown fat tend to be younger, weigh less, and have healthy blood sugar levels. In other words, this is the good fat.
• White fat is composed of a single lipid droplet and a greatly reduced amount of mitochondria and blood vessels, giving it a white or yellow appearance. It is the most common form of fat in the body. White fat does provide our largest energy reserve. It also acts as insulation and protects our internal organs. It is a major endocrine organ with receptors for insulin, growth hormone, adrenaline, and cortisol. Excess white fat in the belly is associated with metabolic syndrome, while extra fat throughout the body raises risks for breast, colon, esophageal, gall bladder, and pancreatic cancer.
What does this have to do with the University of Kentucky School of Medicine? In a study published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism researchers from the university compared belly fat taken from fifty-five people during the summer and and again in the winter. The belly fat taken from people in the winter had higher levels of two genetic markers for brown fat than that collected in the summer. Additionally, they examined thigh fat collected from 16 people after holding ice packs on their thighs for 30 minutes, it had higher levels of three genetic markers that are linked with brown fat.
In other words, cold temperatures may actually turn some unhealthy white fat in your thighs and belly into brown fat that burns calories for body heat!
However, you don’t have to stand out in the cold to increase your levels of brown fat! Studies presented of the American Diabetes Association demonstrated that both exercise can also impart brown fat characteristics to the white fat that slowly accumulates from sedentary behavior.
It’s important to note that the cold weather effects were lessened for obese people, and while this is a promising study, more people die from heart-disease during the winter months than at any other time.
Exercise, dress warm, and when you thighs begin to tingle think about the possible positive effects and … smile!
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The Predator as Prey

The wily coyote is America’s number-one predator and the principal query of a new breed of hunters.
The deer hunt is a time-honored activity that outdoors-loving men and women hold in esteem. For many it’s an anxiously awaited yearly ritual. The animal is a worthy opponent and a kill can feed a family for weeks.
But it isn’t easy. Licensing and equipment are expensive, the season is brief and in most jurisdictions only one animal can be harvested on each license. One and done. What’s more, in many places landowners charge exorbitant fees to hunt deer on their property.
But tell them you want to kill coyotes and they’ll welcome you. That’s one reason why predator hunting is growing. To that add minimal or no license fees, generous bag limits and a challenge that tests one’s skills.
Al Morris of Foxpro, a manufacturer of electronic calls and decoys, said, “Predator hunting is becoming the poor man’s big game hunting.”
Minimal restrictions make predator hunting appealing, so does a cash bounty in some jurisdictions. What’s more furriers will purchase pelts harvested in cold locales. Morris, who along with Abner Druckenmiller and Mike Dillon, co-hosts Foxpro Furtakers on Outdoor Channel, said 18 pelts harvested in Alberta, Canada last year sold for $70 to $90 per pelt, with a large white pelt bringing $130.
Successful coyote hunting depends on skillful calling, combined with use of decoys. The Foxpro Wildfire 2 call, for example, weighs only 1.5 pounds with batteries and can store up to 200 animal sounds. ICOtec’s GC300 call has a whopping 300-yard remote control range and a 120 dB speaker to blast long range calls. Use either with a lifelike Lil’ Critter decoy from Lucky Duck or a Foxpro Black Jack decoy and you’ll be hard pressed to find a coyote who can resist.
J.D. Piatt, veteran hunter and consultant to ICOtec, said calls are a major tool for the hunter. Both ICOtec and Foxpro libraries include wounded animal sounds, which can attract a hungry coyote, territorial calls that challenge a nearby predator and a variety of sounds that will attract the curious coyote.
“Many are live recordings of actual animals,” said Piatt. “In late summer through early winter I’ll work more toward the hunger and curiosity side. I use coyote vocalizations in late winter and spring.”
“You can find a sound that will call a coyote on any day of the year,” said Morris.
The challenge of figuring out what that sound might be is part of what makes predator hunting fascinating. To that add the marksmanship test and the restorative benefits of a day in the field and you can understand why predator hunting has grown rapidly. Stop by Dunham’s today to get everything you need to join the hunt.
-Deer Abby
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Protection Against Viruses

[Written by Peter Nielsen].
A group of viruses called ‘entovirus’ has been the focus of attention lately, and for good reason! It is a serious virus and many children in the United states have been hospitalized a form of it.
Many health professionals cite strict hygienic practices, including thorough hand-washing and avoiding contaminated surfaces, are often cited as the best ways to prevent spread of these infections. Those are tried and true methods! However, employing them can be very difficult when everyday life includes work, school, shopping and a wide assortment of social activities. It’s important to remember: you don’t get sick just because you’ve been exposed to germs. That’s a good thing, because it’s nearly impossible to avoid all germs!
New research published in the PLOS journal found that when 17 healthy people were exposed to a flu virus, only half of them got sick. Your immune system’s response to the flu virus is also an important factor in whether or not you get sick and the depth of that illness!
So get those immune systems into peak shape for winter and protect yourself and your loved ones with these four rules.
• Add Antioxidant-Rich Foods to Your Menus: A diet rich diet in antioxidants prevent free radical damage and optimizes the immune system. Add a broad range of fruits and vegetables to the menu to create the greatest benefits for the immune health. Remember, the three major antioxidant vitamins are beta-carotene, vitamin C, and vitamin E, which are found in colorful fruits and vegetables, especially those with purple, blue, red, orange, and yellow hues.
• Get Enough Vitamin D: Seventy percent of Americans are deficient in vitamin D, which helps activate the immune system! New research shows that when the body is exposed to a pathogen, T cells ‘search’ for vitamin D, if the T cells do not find enough vitamin D, they cannot activate the immune system! Get vitamin D from safe exposure to the sun, salmon, tuna and fortified foods.
• Get Fit: Regular physical activity enhances antibody and natural T cell response. Multiple studies have shown that people who exercise are half as likely to catch a cold as those who do not!
• Sleep: Sleep is an important factor in maintaining a healthy immune system. Much research has indicated that health risks rise significantly when individuals sleep less than seven hours a night. Part of this is due to the reduced levels of melatonin, a hormone necessary for a healthy immune system which is produced while we sleep. A lack of sleep also reduces T cells and impacts levels of proteins called cytokines, which act as mediators between cells.
Call you doctor for help with any serious respiratory illness.
But follow these important rules and there is a good chance your immune system will keep you healthy all fall and winter!
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Strength Training

[Written by Peter Nielsen].
Strength training is an important part of any fitness program. It helps you reduce body fat, increase lean muscle mass and burn calories! The Department of Health and Human Services recommends that adults should add moderate to high-intensity muscle-strengthening activities two or more days a week in addition to a daily aerobic regimen. Unfortunately, a 2013 study of 450,000 adults by the Center for Diesease Control found that while 52 percent of surveyed adults met the aerobic activity guidelines and 29 percent met the strength-training guidelines, less that 21 percent of adults in the United States meet the total combined guidelines! Incorporating those two days of strength training add a host of benefits!
• Stronger Bones. Strength training is known to increase bone mass. A recent study from Ontario’s McMaster University found that a year-long strength training program increased the spinal bone mass of postmenopausal women by nine percent. Additionally, weight-bearing activities put stress on your bones which builds bone density.
• Sharper Memory. Researchers at the University of British Columbia found that for robust brain health, it is best to incorporate both aerobic and strength training. Each type of activity targets different aspects of cognition by initiating the release of different proteins. In an earlier study the same researchers found that older women who strength-trained twice a week for six months had better memory, better attention spans and improved executive brain functions compared to those engaged in a strictly cardio fitness regimen.
• Weight Control. According to the Center for Disease Control, strength training offers an increase of up to 15% in the metabolic rate, an important aid for weight control. Researchers from Southern Illinois University found that participants burned 100 extra calories a day for three days after a fifteen minute resistance routine. And don’t forget: each pound of muscle burns 7 to 10 calories compared to 2 or 3 calories for a pound of fat.
• Improve Balance and Posture. For a study published in Age, people over the age of 90 participated inof strength training two days a week 12 weeks. The study found an increase in walking speed, an improvement in balance, and a significant reduction in the incidence of falls.
• Disease Prevention. Strength training can be an important aid against arthritis pain, reduces the risk of bone fractures can help improve glucose control for sufferers of type 2 diabetes.
• Mood Elevator. A 2005 study published in The Harvard Mental Health Letter compared exercise with antidepressant drugs or a combination of the exercise and antidepressant drugs in patients suffering from major depression. They found that after 16 weeks, 60 to 70 percent of participants in all three groups had recovered from the depression, but the positive effects of exercise last longer. After ten months participants who worked out had lower rates of depression than those who took only medication.
Strength training … stronger muscles and a lot more!
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