Archive for the ‘Hunting’ Category
Crossbow hunting has gained tremendous popularity in the last few years. Not only are state laws much less restrictive for crossbows, but the actual mechanics of the weapon mean more people can use a bow for hunting. And it’s not just disabled people who don’t have the power to draw the string on a vertical bow. The aging of America is helping to popularize crossbows. “As the nation gets older, more people don’t have the strength for a traditional bow,” says Barnett Crossbows. “That has meant a much bigger audience for our product.”
A Long and Rich History
Crossbows have been around before firearms and have a distinguished history in warfare. They are referenced in Sun Tzu’s classic The Art of War in the fifth century B.C., and they were important in ancient Greece and throughout the Middle Ages. Traditional longbows required a great deal of strength and years of practice to master, but crossbows could be adapted quickly by a large peasant population, greatly increasing the offensive resources available to a medieval militarist. The power of the medieval crossbow is perhaps best illustrated by Pope Innocent II’s 1139 decree that it was a sin to kill a Christian with the weapon (but non-Christians were fair game).
While today’s hunting crossbows are much more sophisticated than their medieval ancestors, the fundamental mechanics are similar. Crossbows have a shorter draw length than vertical bows, requiring a greater draw force to store the same amount of energy; hence the need for a mechanical cocking device. Crossbows can be kept cocked and ready to shoot for some time, with little effort.
Recurve Versus Compound
There are essentially two types of crossbows. Recurve crossbows have tips that curve away from the archer, with a longer draw length than equivalent straight bows. A more modern design, and more popular today is the Compound crossbow that uses pulleys that are both round and concentrically mounted to capture maximum available energy from the short draw length. Compound designs tend to be more compact, quieter, and cause less wear on the trigger and locks. Recurve designs are lighter and the string is easier to replace.
Crossbows are surprisingly versatile in the field. They can be used on large and small prey. While the mechanical aspect of a crossbow makes it relatively easy to shoot an arrow, the killing distance for a crossbow is not significantly longer than for a traditional bow. Crossbow hunting is like all archery — it requires superior tracking skills to get close enough to the prey for a humane kill.
The very nature of a crossbow requires special accessories for effective hunting. Arrows are specially sized and weighted for the dimensions of a particular weapon, although when buying a new crossbow that’s no problem — the correct arrows are included.
Sights are important for a crossbow because the hunter needs to gauge the effect gravity will have on a shot. The farther the arrow travels, the more it will drop. Multi-retical sights use multiple lines on the sight, while red dot systems use a series of dots. They both provide a gauge to measure depth and distance of a shot.
Crossbows are significantly noisier than vertical bows, which can be a problem when you have to get very close to what you are tracking. Higher end models include anti-vibration features that minimize noise. Standalone anti-vibration features can also be purchased.
Make Sure It Feels Right
Crossbows have become highly sophisticated weapons, with many choices, features and price ranges. As with virtually anything these days, there is plenty of information available on the Internet. Barnett Crossbows says doing your homework is important, but there’s another critical step. “You really need to hold the product in your hand,” she says. “Go to the store, feel it, touch it and make sure it’s the right size and shape for you. It’s a very personal choice, and you want it to be right.”
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